Teaching Your Puppy: Obedience Training Basics
For successful training, practice the next basic training steps with your pup every day. Keep workout sessions short. Your pup will dsicover everything as a game, so keep him stimulated by changing what he's learning. Do each order for about five minutes and get back to it once you can.
Practice the commands in lots of different places - in the living room, garden, hall or kitchen, even out on walks - so that he gets used to giving an answer to you in every sorts of situations. You should use the click strategy to help with other aspects of your puppy's training, such as motivating him to stand still for grooming and getting him used to vacationing by car.
Your puppy will learn very quickly and respond to love and affection as well as rewards. Obedience training will help build a enduring bond between your two of you and you'll be rewarded with a happy, well-trained dog.
Giving in to your puppy's every need is not a good thing. As your puppy increases, so will his need to assert himself. Puppies often choose mealtimes as a battleground. But offering in to him is a blunder. You need to ensure he understands that you will not respond to his every demand.
Your puppy must learn that people around him, particularly small children, can be a little unpredictable. But he needs to accept that their unpredictable behavior is not threatening. You can help him do that by imitating a child's behavior. Try stepping quickly towards his dish - then drop in a treat. Carefully bump into him, while he's eating, or roll toys close by - anything to cause a distraction, but drop a delicacy in the bowl to incentive him for carrying on to eat calmly. Do that once in awhile, but not at every meal. If your pup freezes mid-mouthful, growls or glares at you, stop and try again another time. If this continues, it's best dog trainning to seek advice from a veterinary behaviorist or certified dog trainer.
Reading your puppy's body language
Dogs have always communicated with one another by using body gestures. This involves cosmetic expressions, body postures, noises and scents. Dogs will use their mouth area, eye, ears and tail to express emotions. By learning how to interpret your puppy's body gestures, you can interpret your puppy's motives.
Signals of aggression or submission
If your pup is feeling brave or aggressive, he'll make an effort to make himself larger by standing tall, with his ears and tail sticking upright. He'll also press out his upper body and raise the hair on his neck and back. He could also growl and wave his tail gradually.
Alternatively, a submissive dog will try to make himself appear small and become a puppy. It is because a grown-up dog will "tell off" a puppy but not strike him. Submission will need the form of the sideways crouch near to the surface, his tail held low but wagging away. He may also try to lick the facial skin of the prominent dog or human. He may even move on his back again.
Your puppy's tail
Most of us recognize that tail wagging is an indicator of friendliness and pleasure, but the tail can indicate other moods, too.
The normal way a puppy holds his tail varies from breed to breed but generally speaking, a tail held higher than 45 degrees to the trunk expresses alertness and interest.
If your puppy's tail is waved slowly and stiffly, that's a manifestation of anger. Whether it's clamped low over his hindquarters, it means your dog is afraid. An anxious or nervous dog may droop his tail but wag it stiffly.
Your puppy's eyes
If your dog's eyes are half closed, that's a sign of pleasure or submission, while eye wide open can indicate aggression.
In the open, dogs stare at each other until one backs down or makes a challenge, which means you should never try to outstare your pup, particularly if he's nervous.
Your puppy's smile
Submissive dogs plus some breeds such as Labradors often open their mouths in a kind of lop-sided "grin", and indeed, it is a sign of friendliness. However when lips are drawn back again firmly to bare one's teeth, that's aggression, make no mistake.
Wanting to play
If your pup wants to try out, he'll increase a paw or bow down and bark to attract attention. Or he could supply a toy, or bound up to some other dog to get him to join in a chase.
How your dog sees you
Your pup will watch you to read your body signals more than he'll pay attention to you, and he'll quickly learn what you're feeling even without you speaking.
If you wish to improve communication with your puppy, you can improve upon your own body gestures. For instance, crouching down with arms opened out is a welcome indication while towering over him and staring is an indicator of threat.
How your puppy learns
Your pup will learn rapidly, so it is important that he learns how to behave properly right from the start.
Dogs learn by association, so if your pup does something good, prize him. Then your action is much much more likely to be repeated. However the pay back must be linked to the action, so he must be rewarded quickly, within a second or two. The praise itself can be considered a few kibbles of puppy food or compliment, or both.
Your puppy needs to be taught what he can and cannot do. Some safe behaviors can be ignored, but potentially dangerous ones need to be taken care of immediately by interrupting the behavior with a razor-sharp "no" to get his attention - be sure to incentive him when he stops and pays focus on you. Shouting or striking won't help your puppy learn.
Understanding barking and whining
Barking is a completely natural aspect of a dog's behavior, nevertheless, you, your family and your neighbours will be happier when you can bring it under control.
It's hardly surprising many folks have barking problems with their dogs, since most dogs have no idea whether barking is something good or bad. That's because our reaction to his barking is confusing to your dog. In his eye, when he barks, he's sometimes ignored, while at other times he is shouted at to stop, and then again he may be urged to bark if, for example, there's a suspicious stranger close by.
To help your dog know when barking is acceptable, you just need to teach him that he may bark until he's told to avoid. "Stop barking" is highly recommended as a command for obedience rather than telling off.
Start the training by letting your dog bark several times, praise him for sounding the alarm, then say "Stop barking" and hold out a treat before him. Your dog will minimize immediately if only due to the fact that he can't sniff the treat while barking. After a few seconds of quiet, give him the praise. Gradually increase the time from when the barking halts to the giving of the reward.
If you are concerned about excessive barking that you haven't any control over, you should seek advice from your vet about next steps, such as specialist training or therapy.
In the event that you comfort your puppy whenever he whines, it may actually make things worse. It will make your puppy think he's being praised for whining, and get him into the habit of repeating it for your passion.
You are able to help your puppy figure out how to stop whining by not g,oing to him when he whines. By disregarding your puppy, and only providing him attention and compliment when he stops whining, he'll learn that whining and whimperig is not the way to earn your approval.