Teaching Your Puppy: Obedience Training Basics
For successful training, practice the following basic training steps with your pup every day. Keep training sessions short. Your puppy will dsicover everything as a game, so keep him stimulated by changing what he's learning. Do each command for about five minutes and come back to it whenever you can.
Practice the commands in a large amount different places - in the living room, garden, hall or kitchen, balance out on walks - so that he gets used to giving an answer to you in all types of situations. You should use the click strategy to help with other areas of your puppy's training, such as encouraging him to stand still for grooming and getting him used to vacationing by car.
Your puppy will learn very quickly and react to love and affection as well as rewards. Obedience training can help build a lasting bond between the two of you and you'll be rewarded with a happy, well-trained dog.
Giving in to your puppy's every need is not a good thing. As your pup develops, so will his need to assert himself. Puppies often choose mealtimes as a battleground. But providing directly into him is a mistake. You need to make sure he knows that you won't respond to his every demand.
Your puppy needs to learn that individuals around him, particularly small kids, can be a bit unpredictable. But he must acknowledge that their unpredictable behavior is not threatening. You are able to help him do this by imitating a child's behavior. Try stepping quickly towards his bowl - then drop in a treat. Lightly bump into him, while he's eating, or roll toys close by - anything to result in a distraction, but drop a delicacy in the bowl to praise him for continuing to eat calmly. Do that every so often, but not at every meal. If your puppy freezes mid-mouthful, growls or glares at you, stop and try again another time. If this continues, it's best to seek advice from a veterinary behaviorist or qualified dog trainer.
Reading your puppy's body gestures
Dogs have always communicated with each other by using body gestures. This involves facial expressions, body postures, sounds and scents. Dogs use their mouth area, eye, ears and tail expressing emotions. By learning how to interpret your puppy's body language, you can interpret your puppy's motives.
Indicators of aggression or submission
If your pup is feeling brave or aggressive, he'll make an effort to make himself much larger by standing tall, with his ears and tail sticking upright. He'll also push out his upper body and improve the hair on his neck and back. He could also growl and wave his tail slowly.
Alternatively, a submissive dog will try to make himself appear small and become a puppy. It is because a grown-up dog will "tell off" a pup but not attack him. Submission will need the form of a sideways crouch near the surface, his tail kept low but wagging away. He might also make an effort to lick the face of the dominant dog or human being. He might even roll on his back again.
Your puppy's tail
Most of us recognize that tail wagging is an indicator of friendliness and pleasure, but the tail can indicate other moods, too.
The normal way a puppy holds his tail varies from breed to breed but generally speaking, a tail held greater than 45 degrees to the trunk expresses alertness and interest.
If your puppy's tail is waved slowly and stiffly, that's an expression of anger. If it's clamped low over his hindquarters, this means your pet is afraid. An stressed or anxious dog may droop his tail but wag it stiffly.
Your puppy's eyes
In case your dog's eye are half closed, that is clearly a sign of pleasure or submission, while eye widely open can indicate aggression.
In the open, dogs stare at one another until one backs down or makes a challenge, which means you should never try to outstare your pup, especially if he's nervous.
Your puppy's smile
Submissive dogs plus some breeds such as Labradors often open up their mouths in a kind of lop-sided "grin", and even, it is an indicator of friendliness. But when lip area are drawn back again firmly to bare one's teeth, that's aggression, make no mistake.
Wanting to play
If your cute pup wants to try out, he'll increase a paw or bow down and bark to attract attention. Or he could offer up a toy, or bound up to some other dog to get him to become listed on in a chase.
How your dog sees you
Your puppy will watch you to learn your body indicators more than he will pay attention to you, and he'll quickly learn what you're feeling even without you speaking.
If you want to improve communication with your puppy, you can improve upon your own body gestures. For example, crouching down with hands opened up out is a welcome sign while towering over him and staring is an indicator of threat.
How your pup learns
Your puppy will learn very quickly, so it is important that he learns how to behave properly immediately.
Dogs learn by association, so if your puppy will something good, reward him. Then your action is a lot much more likely to be repeated. However the compensate must be linked to the action, so he must be rewarded quickly, within a second or two. The reward itself can be a few kibbles of puppy food or praise, or both.
Your puppy needs to be taught what he can and cannot do. Some harmless behaviors can be ignored, but potentially dangerous ones need to be dealt with immediately by interrupting the behavior with a razor-sharp "no" to get his attention - make certain to reward him when he halts and pays attention to you. Shouting or striking will not help your puppy learn.
Understanding barking and whining
Barking is a totally natural aspect of a dog's behavior, but you, your family as well as your neighbours will be happier when you can take it under control.
It's hardly surprising many people have barking problems with their dogs, since most dogs do not know whether barking is something good or bad. That's because our reaction to his barking is confusing to the dog. In his eyes, when he barks, he's sometimes ignored, while at other times he is shouted at to stop, and then again he may be encouraged to bark if, for example, there are a suspicious stranger nearby.
To help your dog know when barking is acceptable, you just need to teach him that he may bark until he is told to avoid. "Stop barking" is highly recommended as a control for obedience rather than telling off.
Start the training by letting your dog bark two or three times, praise him for sounding the alarm, then say "Stop barking" and hold out a treat in front of him. Your pet will stop immediately only if due to the fact that he can't sniff the treat while barking. After a few seconds of peaceful, give him the incentive. Gradually raise the time from when the barking prevents to the giving of the incentive.
If you are worried about excessive barking that you have no control over, you should talk to your vet about next steps, such as specialist training or therapy.
If you comfort your puppy whenever he whines, it could make things worse. It will make your puppy think he's being praised for whining, and get him into the habit of repeating it for your love.
You can help your pup figure out how to stop whining by not g,oing to him when he whines. By disregarding your puppy, in support of providing him attention and praise when he prevents whining, he'll learn that whining and whimperig is not the best way to earn your authorization.